JK-12 Curriculum Renewal
It’s an exciting time in Northwest Territories (NWT) schools! The Department of Education, Culture and Employment (ECE) is pleased to begin the transition to a new curriculum adapted to the NWT.
We’re partnering with the British Columbia Ministry of Education to start using that province’s curriculum in our schools – however, every subject will be reviewed and, if necessary, adapted to ensure they’re relevant to NWT communities, people, cultures, languages and history. Why are we partnering with BC?
- BC is one of the top performers in education among all the provinces, according to the Conference Board of Canada.
- BC’s curriculum is modernized to meet the needs of students in a world that’s always changing! It incorporates financial literacy skills, begins providing career education in the early grades, and teaches students the ability to design, make, acquire, and apply skills and technologies that are important in the world today and key for the future.
- The BC curriculum is one of the first in Canada to focus on competency-driven learning that builds on students’ natural curiosity and creativity. It’s based on research and best practices in education, and most educators agree this is essential for 21st-century learning.
- Indigenous worldviews, knowledge, and perspectives are reflected in all BC’s curricula and in mandatory learning for all students.
- Research shows that this new curriculum design and structure has better academic results for students.
- BC has confirmed that their graduates are competitive at the post-secondary level in universities and colleges across the country and internationally.
BC’s education system is well regarded as a high-performing system. This all results in students being more prepared for life after high school!
To effectively implement the new curriculum in NWT schools, ECE is working on five key areas:
1. Finalizing the timeline and sequence for adapting the curriculum and implementing it in NWT schools. Completed
2. Determining the minimum Grade 12 graduation requirements for students using BC courses. Expected February 2023
3. Developing a schedule and structure for training teachers on the new curriculum. Expected March 2023
4. Adapting BC’s curriculum so it meets the contextual needs of NWT students and communities.Drafts for Grades 4-6, and 9 expected May 2023
5. Updating student assessment programs (i.e., standardized tests and exams) with BC’s large-scale assessment tools. Expected June 2023
Key education partners and stakeholders, such as Indigenous governments, the NWTTA, education bodies and educators, will be invited to provide input on the five key action areas of implementation. Teachers from each education body, as well as interested subject matter experts from the NWTTA, will assist ECE in adapting BC’s curriculum. ECE will continue to update this web page as progress on these key areas continues.
Throughout public and stakeholder engagement on curriculum renewal, ECE heard that it should not rush the transition and implementation of the new curriculum. As such, the finalized timeline will see a gradual transition.
BC’s curriculum will be implemented in the NWT by multi-grade divisions (JK/K, Grades 1-3; 4-6; 7-8; 9*; 10-12).
*Schools where Grade 9 is more closely aligned with Junior High School can choose for those students to be included in a 7-9 grouping; if Grade 9 is more closely tied to Senior High School, schools can opt for the multi-grade division of 9-12.
As this is a significant change for schools and teachers, education body staff, educators and the NWTTA requested that teachers have the opportunity to ‘trial’ the curriculum before full implementation to ensure they’re not overwhelmed with the transition.
This approach is also consistent with how BC introduced their new curriculum and is typical for other jurisdictions as well.
In the 2022-23 school year:
- It will be the final year that NWT students take the Alberta Achievement Tests (AATs), as the territory phases out Alberta’s curriculum and large-scale assessment tools, and phases in BC’s.
In the 2023-24 school year:
- Grades 4-6 will trial the draft BC curriculum.
- Grade 9 students in Grade 9-12 cohort will trial draft curriculum.
- It will be the final year for the current Locally Developed Courses 5-credit system to align with BC’s high school credit system (overall course hours will be minimally impacted).
- Schools will have the opportunity to conduct BC’s Grade 4 Foundational Skills Assessment (FSA) and Grade 10 Literacy and Numeracy examinations in the 2023-24 school year; however, they will be optional.
In the 2024-25 school year:
- Grades 4-6 will implement the draft BC curriculum in all subjects.
- Grade 9 (in 9-12 cohort) will implement final curriculum.
- Grades 7-9 cohort will trial draft curriculum.
- Grade 10 will implement draft curriculum. This will be first class to fall under the new graduation requirements.
- Locally Developed Courses will be renewed on a 4-credit system.
- BC’s assessment tools in Grade 4 Foundational Skills Assessment (FSA) and Grade 10 Literacy and Numeracy will be implemented.
In the 2025-26 school year:
- JK/K will trial draft curriculum.
- Grades 1-3 will trial draft curriculum.
- Grades 4-6 will implement finalized curriculum in all subjects.
- Grades 7-9 will implement draft curriculum in all subjects.
- Grade 10 will implement final curriculum.
- Grade 11 will implement draft curriculum.
- Schools will have the option to implement the Grade 7 FSA examination.
- This will be the last year of the Alberta Grade 12 Diploma Exams.
In the 2026-27 school year:
- JK/K will implement the draft curriculum.
- Grades 1-3 will implement the draft curriculum in all subjects.
- Grades 7-9 will implement the finalized curriculum in all subjects.
- Grade 11 will implement the final curriculum.
- Grade 12 will implement the draft curriculum.
- Grade 7 FSA and Grade 12 Literacy examinations will be implemented.
In the 2027-28 school year (final year):
- JK/K will implement the finalized curriculum.
- Grades 1-3 will implement the finalized curriculum in all subjects.
- Grade 12 will implement the final curriculum.
- All BC assessment tools (exams, standardized testing) will be in place.
New minimum graduation requirements are expected to be completed and released in February 2023.
The new graduation requirements are expected to be similar to BC’s current requirements, with some small but deliberate differences (such as the inclusion of Northern Studies).
The NWT’s new graduation requirements will take effect when the draft curriculum is implemented for Grade 10 students in the 2024-25 school year. From that point on, all Grade 10 students will use the new graduation requirements. Anyone in Grade 11 or 12 in the 2024-25 school year will continue to use the graduation requirements that were set when they started high school.
Career and Education Advisors (CEAs) are available to work with students in Grades 9-12 in all NWT schools. ECE has begun work with the CEAs to ensure they are updated on the new graduation requirements in order to continue to support students.
A teacher training plan is expected to be completed and released by March 31, 2023.
ECE is working closely with education bodies to develop an extensive training plan that will include face-to-face training opportunities, opportunities to network with colleagues, and a suite of online courses through ConnectED that teachers will be able to access at their convenience.
ECE and superintendents have committed to providing one day per year, from the existing teacher training days, to be dedicated to training for implementing the new curriculum. Education bodies will determine the best approach for their schools, when developing their 2023-24 school year calendar.
The training will focus on the new curriculum and assessment tools, such as report cards, standardized tests and diploma exams. It will also include a structure for the GNWT to hold engagement sessions with educators and key education partners, such as Indigenous governments, the NWTTA and education bodies, to collect feedback throughout the implementation and transition to the BC curriculum.
Teaching resources, such as textbooks, will not need to be replaced. BC’s curriculum was designed without the need for required resources or textbooks, so schools and teachers will be able to use resources currently in schools. However, as teachers develop lessons, additional teaching resources may be identified, developed and shared.
Many additional courses will be developed and made available, over the course of Curriculum Renewal. The GNWT will provide updates on teacher training to our partners and stakeholders, as the schedule progresses.
Teachers are invited to explore the BC curriculum on its website: https://curriculum.gov.bc.ca/curriculum/overview
Drafts for Grades 4-6, and Grade 9 are expected to be completed by May 2023. ECE is focused on these grades, so that teachers will have time to prepare for trialing them in the 2023-24 school year.
ECE and our education partners want to ensure that the curriculum is reflective of NWT communities and contexts. Working groups comprised of NWT teachers and subject area experts from across the territory have been formed for each subject, such as math and science. These working groups are reviewing all of BC’s curriculum and are adapting the curriculum to reflect what we have heard from previous engagements. Adaptations to the curriculum will ensure that it will be open to NWT Indigenous ways, that it will be appropriately rigorous, that it will support key learning for life, and that it is competency-driven.
Although the adaptation process is not yet complete, ECE believes that it will be minimal, since BC’s curriculum is structured in a way that makes it quite flexible and adaptable at the school and classroom level. Throughout the trialing of the draft curriculum, ECE will be gathering feedback from teachers and students in order to improve and finalize the curriculum.
This curriculum is very flexible, so that means educators can blend in local cultural, geographical and historical knowledge and resources at the classroom and school level. In addition, Dene Kede and Inuuqatigiit will remain in schools. These foundational curricula weave Dene and Inuit core concepts, language and traditions into learning in NWT classrooms. NWT-created curriculum, such as Our Languages, Northern Studies, Health and Wellness, Hunter Education and Junior Kindergarten/Kindergarten, will also remain in schools.
ECE will be updating all aspects of student assessment, which includes the day-to-day feedback students receive in the classroom, tools such as standardized assessments (tests and exams) and report cards.The Student Assessment Renewal Plan is expected to be completed by June 2023.
The design of BC’s curriculum and assessment tools focuses on students’ ability to “Know-Do-Understand” various skills, concepts, strategies and topics. As such, this will have an impact on what is assessed and how it is assessed, evaluated and reported to parents/guardians.
Report cards will eventually change to reflect the new curriculum, as will other aspects of assessing students’ work at the classroom level. It’s expected that report cards will be designed to provide NWT parents/guardians with the information they need to support their child’s learning. ECE and education bodies will provide messaging to parents/guardians to support this transition.
It should also be noted that schools and education districts currently take many different approaches to report cards across the NWT. As such, it is envisioned that schools and education districts will eventually transition to a series of common report cards used across the NWT.
NWT schools will be phasing out the Alberta Achievements Tests (AATs) as well as the Alberta Diploma Exams, and replacing them with BC’s Foundational Skills Assessments (FSAs) in Grade 4 and 7, and Graduation Assessments in Grades 10 and 12.
- The last administration of the Alberta Achievement Tests for the NWT will be June 2023.
- The last administration session for the Grade 12 Diploma Exams will be June 2026.
- ECE will begin phasing in the BC assessment tools beginning with an optional small-scale pilot of the Grade 4 FSA and Grade 10 Literacy and Numeracy graduation assessments in 2023-2024. Engagements with education body staff has confirmed their interest in opting in for the pilot FSAs to better understand the requirements and data.
For more information on BC provincial assessment tools please visit: https://curriculum.gov.bc.ca/provincial/assessment
In curriculum, “competency” is a learning expectation that connects a student’s skills, knowledge and values. It is the ability to do something successfully.
BC’s curriculum puts a focus on essential learning – life skills, concepts and strategies students can use after high school. Literacy and numeracy are at its core – not just reading, writing, math and numbers, but also to critically analyze and communicate orally, in writing and visually, and to apply mathematical concepts and solve problems in a variety of contexts.
It supports students to be competent thinkers and communicators, who are personally and socially competent in all areas of their lives.
BC’s curriculum is modelled on students’ ability to “Know-Do-Understand” various skills, concepts, strategies and topics or “competencies.” Students will learn and be assessed based on: what topics they will know; what skills and strategies they will be able to do; and what principles and ideas they will understand.
The ‘old way’ of instruction often saw teachers presenting information in front of a classroom and/or giving students facts and dates to memorize. This modern curriculum focuses on deeper learning, which happens through “doing” rather than passive reading or listening. It builds on students’ curiosity – it encourages them to get involved in their own education through interactive and engaging activities.
For example, in Northern Studies, instead of simply reading about treaty negotiations, students may take part in a treaty simulation, where they learn about the different roles each government played, protocols for working with Elders, Knowledge Keepers and advisors, take on roles, and work on teams to come to a consensus.
For example, in a competency-driven Financial Literacy course, students will learn about money and transactions, including how to plan and manage a budget; however, other aspects of finances will also be included, such as risk management – protecting their personal and financial data; emotions and how they can impact finances; and rights as a consumer.
Know-Do-Understand model of learning
The three elements of the “Know-Do-Understand” model are: Big Ideas (Understand), Curricular Competencies (Do) and Content (Know).
Big Ideas: Big Ideas consists of theories, principles and concepts that we want students to “Understand” as a result of their learning. Big Ideas are broad questions and complex ideas. Students can explore and deepen their understanding of these concepts over many subjects and grades. Students themselves can introduce Big Ideas by asking questions and being curious – i.e., How does where we live influence how we live? What is healthy living? What makes a great book?
Curricular Competencies: Curricular Competencies are the skills, strategies, and processes that students develop over time. They reflect the “Do” in the Know-Do-Understand model of learning. Develop, recognize, solve, construct, apply – these are actionable skills that students will need to practice “doing” to help learn the Content and understand the Big Idea.
Content: Content learning standards — the “Know” of the Know-Do-Understand model of learning — detail the essential topics and knowledge at each grade level. ? These are often facts, definitions, rules and other information. What do students need to know to understand the Big Idea?
For example, in learning a new math formula – a student may know the key words and purpose of the equation, they can do the equation and get the correct answer, but they may not actually understand how they got to that answer.
ECE began research in 2019 to explore the curriculum of the western Canadian provinces to determine which most aligned with 34 longstanding NWT education priorities. As noted above, BC’s curriculum was very clearly the most aligned to the NWT, being that it is one of the first in Canada to focus on competencies-driven learning; is modernized to meet the needs of students in an ever-changing world; and it incorporates financial literacy, begins providing career education in the early grades, and offers applied design, skills and technologies curriculum that builds on students’ natural curiosity, inventiveness, and creativity. This all results in students being more prepared for the challenges of life after high school.
Crucially, Indigenous worldviews, knowledge, and perspectives are integrated in all BC’s curricula in a meaningful and intentional way, and are reflected in students’ mandatory learning outcomes. BC has also designed its curriculum to be flexible, which allows the NWT to adapt the BC curriculum to fit the NWT context with more ease. This can even happen at the local level, by incorporating place, school and community ways of learning and doing, and by considering this diversity an asset.
If you have questions or concerns about the new curriculum, please email NWTCurriculum_renewal@gov.nt.ca.