Tłı̨chǫ Resources

Overview

Tłı̨chǫ is part of the Dene-Athabaskan language family, and its territorial extent lies entirely within the Northwest Territories, where it is also the most spoken Indigenous language.

In 2019, there were 2,300 speakers in the NWT.

Speakers may refer to Tłı̨chǫ itself, Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì, or its historic English exonym Dogrib. In Yellowknife, Ndılǫ, and Dettah, speakers may refer to Wıı̀lıı̀deh, a dialect of Tłı̨chǫ with Tatsǫ́t’ıné influences.

Tłı̨chǫ is the primary Indigenous language spoken in:

  • Behchokǫ̀
  • Whatı̀
  • Gametı̀
  • Wekweètı̀
  • Dettah
  • Ndılǫ
  • Yellowknife.

International Standards Organization (ISO) codes

  • Dogrib/Tłı̨chǫ – DGR

Orthographic conventions

Diacritics

  • Grave accent (low tone): ◌̀
  • Ogonek (nasalization): ◌̨
  • No tittle (dot) on «i». Correct forms use «ı» as a base.

Consonants

The «u» is not used in Tłı̨chǫ.

The «ch», «chʼ», «j», «sh», and «zh» consonants are equivalent to «ts», «tsʼ», «dz», «s», and «z», respectively.

ɂ

b

ch

ch’

d

dl

dz

g

gh

gw

 

h

j

k

k’

kw

kw’

l

ł

m

mb

n

nd

r

s

sh

t

t’

tł’

ts

ts’

 

w

wh

x

y

z

zh

 

Vowels and diphthongs

a

à

ą

ą̀

e

è

ę

ę̀

ı

ı̀

ı̨

ı̨̀

o

ò

ǫ

ǫ̀